Coming to the final post of the series. So far we considered his Hindi film career. Today’s post throws light on his Marathi film and non-film songs.
After separating from Lata Mangeshkar and Rajendra Krishan, his Hindi film career suffered a setback and slowly he disappeared from the popular Hindi cinema. It was in this phase that he entered the Marathi films. I should actually say, he re-entered because, in 1952, he composed for छत्रपती शिवाजी. I think the film can be considered as his debut in Marathi films.
I could not get much information about it on the internet. So may be, I won’t be able to summarise it in chronological order.
His first Marathi film would be Chhatrapati Shivaji (1952) which I think was also released in Hindi. The songs were popular and still are. Bhalaji Pendharkar was the writer, producer and director of the movie. But he was already so busy in Hindi films that he didn’t compose for Marathi films for a long time. Next film that I could get was ‘Sant Nivrutti Dyandev’ (संत निवृत्ती ज्ञानदेव)1964, which had a lot of devotional songs. I had not heard of the movie before, though the songs are fabulous.
I found mentioned on a site that in all he composed for seven Marathi films, though I couldn’t find the remaining three movies.
As far as his later Marathi films are concerned, he not only composed for the films, but also produced and acted in the movies. He produced a couple of Marathi films.
The first movie was Dhananjay (1966), which was based on a detective character, Dhananjay, from Marathi literature. Baburao Arnalkar was the original author of the detective series and it was quite popular in Marathi households. Chitalkar played the title role and he must have looked quite handsome in the attire. I could see his gate-up with a pipe in his mouth.
I could not get the film or a video song from the film on the net. The film was directed by Raja Thakur, and featured Uma Bhende, Arun Sarnaik, Ashalata. The film was an average on the box office. The film had one song in Hindi and I could get a couple of songs in Marathi. The songs are not particularly popular, though the Hindi song which was in Qawwali style appears a bit more known than the other songs. I won’t call them great songs.
The second film was Gharkul (1970). The songs from the movie are popular till date. The film featured Jayashree Gadkar, Arun Sarnaik, Om Prakash, Sharad Talwalkar, Master Alankar, Nayantara etc. The film was directed by Raja Thakur again.
Besides the films, he also composed a number of non film songs too. His versatility is quite evident from his Marathi songs. Still the majority of his non film songs are devotional or children’s songs.
The songs he composed for children are quite popular till date, and I was glad to revisit many of the songs after a long time. I used to hear the songs, when I was a little boy. So it was a kind of nostalgic for me.
But I wasn’t aware of his devotional songs at all. In fact, I wasn’t able to associate him with devotional songs. But the songs are really good and he has sung them with deep emotions and concentration.
Geet Ramayan (गीत रामायण) is very popular among Marathi households. It was written by G D Madgulkar and composed by Sudhir Phadke. Similar poems were written by G D Madgulkar in praise of Lord Krishna. It has stories woven into songs that describe entire life story of Lord Krishna. It was named Geet Gopal (गीत गोपाळ). Though it wasn’t as popular as Geet Ramayan, it’s worth listening. The first two volumes of Geet Gopal were composed by C Ramchandra in the 70s. The songs were sung by, Chitalkar himself, Pramila Datar, Rani Verma, Faiyyaz etc. The songs are very well written and composed. But it was not popular. To confess, I came to know about it when I researched for the post.
Similarly, he also set to tune songs written by G D Madgulkar, in praise of Sai Baba. The album was named Sai Darbar, and it is said that a couple of songs from the album, are still sung in Sai Mandir at Shirdi.
In all, though his Marathi film career or non film songs were not as popular as his Hindi songs. But this aspect of his career can’t be overlooked. So I decided to dedicate an entire post in his honour. I hope the readers would welcome the post, though primarily my blog is dedicated to Hindi cinema.
So here we go, my favourite Marathi songs (some well known, some heard for the first time) composed by Chitalkar. The list includes film and non film songs. The songs are in no particular order.
1. मलमली तारुण्य माझे – घरकुल (१९७०) गायिका – आशा भोसले / गीत – सुरेश भट
It was obviously the first song that I thought of for the list. It’s a बैठकीची लावणी. That means the singer sings it in a Mehfil, with just a couple of musicians. All the expressions are conveyed through the emotions, the singer pours into the song. The facial expressions of the singer and the lyrics are more important. It is full of शृंगार रस. No dance would be performed by the singer. The song is very much popular till date and deserves the first place on the list. It’s thoroughly romantic, without any hint of vulgarity. Excellent use of tabla and sitar. I couldn’t identify the instrument, the singer plays herself.
2. पाचोळे आम्ही हो पाचोळे – चितळकर / गीत – आण्णा जोशी
The song was perhaps inspired by a song in Swahili by Miriam Makeba in 1974. Chitalkar’s song was most probably recorded in the 70s. So it could be so. The tune was later reused in Damini as ‘Gawah Hai Chand Taare’.
3. आचंद्रसूर्य नांदो स्वातंत्र्य भारताचे – घरकुल (१९७०) / गायिका – राणी वर्मा व कोरस, गीत – ग दि माडगूळकर
Though it’s a film song, it was quite popular during my school days and we used to sing it in chorus on the Independence Day. It talks about India’s great heritage and culture. But I saw its video for the first time during the research for the post. It’s a good patriotic song. May the Indian independence last, till there are moon and the sun in the sky. That is forever!
4. House of the Bamboo – घरकुल (१९७०) मन्ना डे, प्रमिला दातार आणि कोरस / गीत – शांता शेळके
Inspired by the song by the same name, the Marathi version
is also quite popular. I won’t call it a great favourite, but still it found a place on the list.
5. लहान सुद्धा महान असती – चितळकर / गीत – शांताराम नांदगावकर
The song tells the tale of lion and mouse. How a small creature like mouse helps strong, big lion get out of a hunter’s trap. Even though a number of animated versions of the song are available, this one has maintained its popularity. Enjoy the song.
6. प्रभू तुझ्या दारी आलो – चितळकर / गीत – आण्णा जोशी
Chitalkar’s devotional songs along with the other songs were recorded in the mid 60s. I couldn’t get the release year of the songs. The site mentions it 1965. He has sung with great dedication and devotion. Tears roll down my face, when I listen to it. How tiny and insignificant we humans are when we completely dedicate us to the almighty God.
7. आई बघ ना कसा हा दादा – बालगीत (१९७२) / गायिका – सुषमा श्रेष्ठ, गीत – शांता शेळके
The song again reminds me of my childhood, when it used to get aired on radio. A girl complains about her elder brother to their mother. He always teases and irritates her, as if that’s his motto. The way Sushma Shreshtha sings the word, ‘आsssई’ with a prolonged ‘आ’, makes the song completely realistic. Such a cute song!
8. दूध नको पाजू हरीला – गीत गोपाळ / गायिका – राणी वर्मा, गीत – ग दि माडगूळकर
The album Geet Gopal describes the life story of Lord Krishna in a poetic way. There are many songs in the album. The first two parts were composed by Chitalkar. The chosen song portrays the dilemma, little Balram faces. All of the family members are so fair, but only to little Krishna. The little boy tries to uncover the mystery in his own way. Little Krishna drinks milk of a black cow, that must be turning him dark. Also he sleeps in the darkness that makes him more darker. Really a child’s innocent imaginations are unparalleled.
The singer sings it in a language of a child with imperfect pronunciation (बोबडे बोल). It’s such a cute idea!
9. काकड आरती करितो साईनाथ देवा – श्री साई दरबार / गायक – वासुदेव भाटकर, गीत – ग दि माडगूळकर
It is said that the day at Sai Mandir, Shirdi starts with the song. It is still played there every morning. It is sung by Snehal alias Vasudev alias V G Bhatkar. He was an ace Bhajan singer. The emotions he puts into a Bhajan are divine.
10. जीवाच्या सखीला किती हाक मारू – धनंजय (१९६६) उषा मंगेशकर आणि महेंद्र कपूर / संगीत – सी रामचंद्र
Again, not a great song. But it’s a good song among the available Marathi songs from the movie. The expressions of the singers actually make the song enjoyable.
The movie also had a few Hindi songs. ‘Na Mila Hai Na Milega Mujhe Aaram Kahin’ written by P L Santoshi is a bit popular.
11. आज शिवाजी राजा झाला – छत्रपती शिवाजी (१९५२) / गायक – लता मंगेशकर आणि कोरस, गीत – पी सावळाराम
One of the highlights of the song is that Lata Mangeshkar herself sings it on screen. The chorus sing a significant part of the song and the verses are sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The song is popular till date, as it describes the coronation ceremony of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. It praises various qualities of Shivaji Maharaj as a King and as a person. It depicts the celebrations going on, on the fort for the coronation ceremony.
12. रूप पाहता लोचनी – संत निवृत्ती ज्ञानदेव (१९६४) / गायिका – आशा भोसले, गीत – संत ज्ञानेश्वर
The film has very good abhangas (अभंग), a type of devotional songs, by Dnyaneshwar and his siblings. It was difficult to select a single. Finally, I chose this one, as it’s immensely popular and meaningful. It requires a different approach to compose such songs. While Chitalkar composed the funny light hearted Hindi songs very successfully, he composed the abhangas in the film very efficiently. If he would have concentrated more on Marathi films in the later part of his career, things could have been different. But now this makes no sense. No point in saying so today.
Would you add a song to the list?
With the post, I am announcing the end of the series. It was a wonderful experience going through his career in Hindi and Marathi films. Though he composed very late for Marathi films, his films and non film songs will always be remembered. I was a little tense before I started the series. How would I be able to complete five posts? But I could actually publish six posts. So I’m very happy. The posts were published in quick succession. Hopefully it wasn’t an overdose.
Mehfil Mein Meri, claims no credit for any image, screenshots or songs posted on this site. Images on this blog are posted to make the text interesting. The images and screenshots are the copyright of their original owners. The song links are shared from YouTube, only for the listening convenience of music lovers. The copyright of these songs rests with the respective owners, producers and music companies.
27 Replies to “Marathi songs by C Ramchandra”
Complete review. Great
Thank you Dr Shrikhande
Wonderful information ❣️❤️.
First time I came to know about Geet Gopal.
Thanks for the appreciation.
I also wasn’t aware of Geet Gopal, but the songs are good.
Dear Anup ji,
Thanks for your series on my favourite Music Composer, C. Ramchandra.I particularly appreciate your courage to write on his Marathi films, on a Blog which is predominantly for Hindi films and songs.
Few years back I had done a series on Lata-CR duets and in that series, I had covered his entire autobiography in English (originally only in Marathi).Last year I wrote a detailed article on the Hindi song ‘Na mila hai na Milega” from his Marathi film “Dhananjay”. It had 3 Hindi songs, 2 Marathi songs and 1 Konkani song (“गळ्यांत सांखळी सोन्याची , ही पोरी कोनाची “, which became very famous in Goa and Maharashtra and is popular even today).
In my article I have written about Baburao Arnalkar in details. If any of your readers is interested to read, here is the link- https://atulsongaday.me/2019/08/19/na-mila-hai-na-milega-mujhe-aaraam-kahin/ .
I once again congratulate and thank you for this series on C.Ramchandra.
Thanks a lot Arunji for the appreciation. Coming it from someone like you means a lot to me.
I already had visited your article in August last year and commented too.
Also in my post on Chitalkar’s songs of late 50s, I have included a link to your article from ASAD. It is about seeta in Chitalkar’s life.
Thanks for sharing the link to your article on the movie, Dhananjay.
And I was a little apprehensive about today’s post. As you say, my blog deals with Hindi songs of the golden era. But after exploring Chitalkar’s Marathi songs, I felt an urge to have a separate post. And without it, I found my tribute incomplete. So I decided to go for it.
Thanks again for visiting and commenting.
In the second part of the series, I covered his songs from the 40s. There is a confusion regarding Chitalkar’s song sung by Noorjahan. I’ve included it in the post. If you get time, please visit it.
बहूतेक गाणी माहिती आहेत .छान
Anup ji ,
सी . रामचंद्र यांच्या मराठी गाण्यांचं हे सादरीकरण खूप आवडलं . धन्यवाद .
It is notable that U kept changing his photo according to the decades .
I remember having watched धनंजय on Doordarshan . Yes … CR looked very handsome in it …I also remember न मिला हैं ना मिलेगा मुझे आराम कहीं ( Respected Arun ji had written a very informative post on this song on ASAD )
Ur song selection is perfect .
No wonder मलमली तारुण्य माझे is the first choice which every रसिक think about CR’s marathi songs…
In that song , the actress Rajita Thakur is playing the instrument Swarmandal or Soormandal .
गीत गोपाळ remained underestimated then is a fact . It is good that U hv included its song .
All d songs created nostalgia …
Which song I wud like 2 add …. U hv asked .
Well , all songs of घरकुल were nice … U hv also included a few but 1 more song I remember in CR’s voice
मिटुनि ओठ कुठवर मी मूक असा राहू
का उघड्या डोळ्यांनी सर्वनाश पाहू
Its situation in d movie , picturization nd of course , meaning .. everything is praiseworthy .
A sweet भूपाळी by आशाताई in
संत निवृत्ती ज्ञानदेव
नवल वर्तले गे माई उजळला प्रकाशु
मनाचिये अंधाराचा होतसे विनाशु
पुन्हा एकदा मन:पूर्वक धन्यवाद .
Anup ji , hats off to U for such a gr8 series !
Thank you Pramodji for appreciation.
I was a little nervous as to the acceptance of the post on Hindi song blog. But the tribute was incomplete without the post.
Thanks for sharing the songs.
I wasn’t aware of the Gharkul song
Here it is
the second one from Sant Nivrutti Dyandev
I used to think that C Ramchandra had given music to a lot of Marathi films. But it is not so. Thanks for the immense information in this series and for “ivale ivale jiv hi yeti”.
By the way I will come with second part of my series within 2-3 days, so keep a lookout. I volunteered the information as I know my posting schedules are quite erratic.
Thanks for the appreciation Aditiji.
I’ve been waiting for the second part on your blog. Will visit surely.
An excellent series on C. Ramchandra. You have a provided a clear and comprehensive music career graph of this great composer- depicting his rise and fall.
I am particularly happy to read this post solely devoted to C. Ramchandra’s contribution to Marathi film and no-film music.
The songs mentioned by you are excellent, so also those posted in the comments.
Used to hear and see these songs often on radio and doordarshan in old days.
For Chhatrapati Shivaji, I would one more – Vaajat danka daahi dishela
It also had one hindi song – Mujhpe bhi reham mere meherbaan kijiye.
Sant Nivrutti Dyandev had many melodious songs, two more here-
1. Mungi udaali aakashi
2. Chinta krodh maage saara
Gharkul 1970 has an evergreen musical score with almost all songs very popular and well-known, even these two not mentioned in the post–
1. Pappa saanga kunache
2. Konyat jhopli sitar
Surprisingly, he did not compose music for any other Marathi film after Gharkul. Looks like he did not or could not cash on the popularity of the film’s hit music.
Post 70s, it was only the non-film songs for which he is remembered.
You have mentioned that he composed music for 7 marathi films, of which 4 have been covered by you.
As I know, he composed for 6 marathi films. Here are 2 more, besides the 4 already mentioned.
His first marathi movie was in 1947 – Chul ani Mul. It had 7 songs. I couldn’t find any YT link for the movie or the songs. I guess, it was a comedy movie considering it starred Damuanna Malvankar in the lead, who was known for comedy.
One more movie was Dharma patni 1968, starring Dr. Kashinath Ghanekar and Kamini Kadam. C Ramchandra himself also starred in it. The movie is said to have been shot entirely in Hyderabad.
( Reference – Marathi Chitra Sampada and couple of websites)
Thank you Dr Rajesh for the appreciation.
To confess I wasn’t aware of Chitalkar’s career in Marathi films in detail. Gharkul and a couple of nonfilm songs was what I knew.
But when I tried finding about it, I realized that it was very interesting and should have a dedicated post. So even if the blog is dedicated to old Hindi films, I went with my decision.
It was difficult to get the exact number of Marathi films, Chitalkar composed for.
Thanks for adding another song from छत्रपती शिवाजी, I remember watching it in childhood.
As you say correctly, all the songs from Sant Nivrutti Dnyandev and Gharkul are masterpieces. I had to choose one or two to limit the number of songs.
Pappa sanga kunache is very popular I agree. But it’s not my favourite, so I skipped it.
Thanks for sharing the information about his other films and the missing part of the post is completed.
Thanks for your feedback.
I am glad that I could provide some new additional information.
C. Ramachandra also sang a song with Mahendra Kapoor under N. Datta for the Marathi film Ek Don Teen (1964)..This was the first Marathi film for which N. Datta had composed the music.
Dr Rajesh, Thanks for sharing yet another aspect of Chitalkar’s Marathi film career.
He has sung a lot for Hindi films, either for himself or for other composers. But I wasn’t aware of his contribution in Marathi films as a playback singer under other composers baton. And though I had a post on N datta’s career, I wasn’t aware of the first Marathi film, he composed for. So thanks for that information as well.
His first marathi movie was चूल आणि मूल (1947) directed by Vishram Bedekar.
Beautiful songs are there in this movie sung by Bimba @ Shantabai Modak
such as (1) Man Bhulale Bhulale Vedavale (2) Gumpha veni veni gumpha ga sajani
Welcome Ketaki ji to Mehfil!
Thanks for adding the information. I couldn’t get the info when I wrote the post. Perhaps my research was inadequate. A few days back, Dr Rajesh Deshpande also shared the information about Chitalkar’s first Marathi film.
Keep on visiting!
Liked this information very much
Just wanted to add following:
In his live music programmes , alongwith his songs ,he used to promote BhausahebPatankar’s Marathi shayari.
C.Ramchandra: life was so romantic& filled with various incidents that I personally feel , movie : biography, should be produced on his life.
Welcome to Mehfil.
Thank you for adding information about his live programmes.
It’s a good idea if someone comes up with his biopic. Don’t know if it would be controversial. His autobiography was!
Dr saheb Pl hear abv programme,
Thank you so much for sharing this one. Enjoyed.
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Very nice presentation of serial blogs on one of the most talented composers of yesteryears, C Ramchandra alias Anna.
Please keep up your good work and please start similar work on Anil Vishwas.
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Please keep up your good work and notify me if any blogs on Anil Vishwas and Shyam Sunder
Abhay Pradhan ji,
Welcome yo Mehfil.
Thank you for your appreciation of the posts.
I have covered Anil Biswas songs already. I’m sharing the link to the first part of the series. You’ll get the links of the other parts below the post. Please follow it read the other parts.
Thank you so much
And I’m yet to cover Shyam Sunder, but I’ve planned it this year. So surely I’ll write.
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